Reflexive Verbs In Italian
Posted On June 4, 2018
Reflexive verbs (verbo riflessivo) are used when the object of the verb is the same as the person or thing as the subject.
Alzarsi (to get up) is an example of an infinitive reflexive verb, it is identifiable by the -si joined onto it. The present tense conjugation of alzarsi follows. The other tenses follow the same patterns as non-reflexive verbs with the exception of the pronoun, which is usually placed in front of the verb.
Nature of Reflexive Verbs
As mentioned above, reflexive verbs are used when the object of the verb is the same as the subject. Here are some examples:
Mi sveglio presto I wake up early
Roberto si diverte Roberto enjoys himself
Plural reflexive verbs used with the reflexive pronouns ci, vi, and si express a reciprocal meaning.
Ci vediamo ogni mercoledì We see each other every Wednesday
Si scrivono spesso They write each other often
Some verbs have both reflexive and non-reflexive forms.
Noi laviamo tutti i giorni We wash every day
Noi ci laviamo tutti i giorni We wash ourselves every day
When using the passato prossimo (present perfect) reflexive verbs always use the auxiliary essere and a past participle that agrees with the subject.
Roberto si è addormentato Roberto fell asleep
Giovanna si è addormentata Giovanna fell asleep
Common Reflexive Verbs
I hope this post has been useful for anyone learning about reflexives! Let me know if you have any questions/comments.